Iceland Krafla volcano ashes lava smoke

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This photo was taken in Krafla, a volcanic area located in the north of Iceland in the Mývatn region. Krafla is a volcanic fissure is 80 km long and 4-10 km wide, with over 1000 tectonic fractures.

The last volcanic episode happened between 1975 and 1984, involving nine volcanic eruptions and the area is still very hot since. The access to some areas is actually strictly forbidden as the surface reaches very high temperatures that makes hiking very dangerous.

The picture of this link corresponds to the last eruption in 1984, at the very same location where the photograph was taken.

In 2009 a research drilling took place in the area. The purpose of the drilling was to explore the environment of a very hot geothermal resource for use in producing power. Expecting to find deep magma at 4.5 km (2.8 miles), the scientists instead found magma flowing into their drilled well at just 2.1 km (1.3 miles)!

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